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The history

According to the belief that they profess, people claiming descent from Batara baduy origin, one of the seven gods or a god who is sent to earth. The origin is often attributed to the Prophet Adam as the first ancestors. According to their belief, Adam and his descendants, including the citizens has a duty Baduy ascetic or mandita to maintain the harmony of the world. Opinions about the origin of different people with opinions baduy historians, who based his opinion by way of synthesis of some historical evidence in the form of inscription, Portuguese sailors travel records and China , as well as folk tales about the Tatar Sunda fairly minimal existence. Baduy communities associated with the Kingdom of Sunda that before its downfall in the 16th son of the king Siliwangi home from Arabia after became Moslem in the hand of Sayyidina Ali. The son wants to convert the king and his followers. At the end of the story, with ‘wangsit Siliwangi’ received by the king, they object to convert to Islam, and spread to corners Sunda remain in his conviction. Prabu Siliwangi and chased down to the lowland area (Baduy now), and latency to be abandoned. and then the king in the area Baduy is renamed with a new title King Wungu Kencana, which may have changed its title again. In Inner Baduy Siliwangi enthroned king with 40 loyal followers, till next civil war will happen between them and us is represented by Ki Saih a human form but the whole body and face covered with feathers like a monkey and his presence we are at the request of the the trust to God to win the truth. century centered on Pakuan Pajajaran (around Bogor now). Before the establishment of Sultanate of Banten, western tip of java island territory is an important part of of the Kingdom of Sunda. Banten is port of considerable trade, Ciujung river can navigable various types of boats, and crowded is used to transport agricultural produce from inland areas. Thus the ruler area, which is called the prince of shoot General considers that the preservation of the river should be maintained. For that ordered by royal army which was trained to maintain and manage the heavily wooded and hilly area in the region of Mount Kendeng. The existence of a special task forces with the society seems to be forerunner to Baduy that still inhabit the region Ciujung River in the Mount Kendeng. These disagreements led to allegation that in the past, their historical identity and accidentally closed, which probably is to protect themselves from attacks Baduy community’s enemies Pajajaran. Van Tricht, a physician who had conducted health research in 1928. according to him, the man is a native of Baduy area which has a strong resistance to external influence. Baduy own People even refused to say that are derived from those of Pajajaran, the capital of the Kingdom of Sunda. According Danasasmita and Djatisunda Baduy people are local residents who made the mandal ‘(sacred area)’ officially by the king, because the inhabitants are obliged to maintain kabuyutan (the place of ancestor worship or ancestor), rather than a Hindu or Buddhists Principal in this region known as Sunda kabuyutan teak or Sunda Asli or Sunda Wiwitan (wiwitan = original, origin, principle, teak). Hence their original religion was given the name Sunda Wiwitan. King who made the region as mandala is a Rakeyan Baduy Darmasiksa.

Language

The language they use of Sunda-Banten dialect. To communicate with the outside of their current population using the Indonesian language, although they do not get this knowledge from school. Inner Baduy do not know the culture of writing, so that customs, belief/religion and ancestral stories stored only in the course of oral utterance.

Trust

Baduy community trust known as the Sunda Wiwitan rooted in ancestor worship to the spirits (animism)which in the further development is also influenced by Buddhism, Hinduism and Islam. The core belief is shown by the existence of absolute Pikukuh or customary provisions adopted in the daily life of people Baduy. The most important contents of Pikukuh (compliance) Baduy is concept of “ no change”, or as few changes as possible “ length can not / should not be cut, the short can not / should not be connected”. The object of the trust is important for the community Baduy Arca Domas, whose location is kept secret and is considered the most sacred. Badut visit visit these location to conduct worship once a year in kalmia, which in 2003 coincided with the month of July only Puun whichis the biggest indigenous leader and only a few selected members of public who follow the cult group. In the complex there are Arca Domas stone mortar that holds rain water. If at the time of worship found in a stone mortar exists in a state full of clear water, then for the Baduy people it is sign that the rain of the year will be much decreased, and the harvest will prosper. Conversely, if a stone mortar is dry or murky water, it is a sign of crop failure.

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